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Part 4 - Purifying and Protecting


The demons are gone.


Rituals to purify and protect the patient

and household are performed

Thundos Kapima -  a cutting ritual.


The assistant yakadura (left) sits on the floor with the patient and his wife. Limes, hondala (inedible yam), red pineapple and Aha (inedible fruit) are now charmed then cut by the yakadura to protect the patient from future bad influences.


Buddha''s Seven Steps

Buddha's Seven Steps

This reconstructs the birth legend that Buddha took seven steps when he was born, a lotus springing up at each step. This is followed by lime cutting to remove evil influences and in this exorcism (only performed if required) the atamagale (cage) ritual.


Seven strips are marked on the ground to mark the steps. Betel leaves and coins are placed on top of them. They are followed by seven plantain leaves, milk rice and cloth torches. Songs describe the origins and purpose of each item.


The deity/demon Suniyam is invited to receive the offerings. Limes are placed in the steps while their origins are sung, then the lime cutting secateurs (giraya) have their origins sung.


The yakadura then chants while touching the patients body (usually the head) with the giraya to remove some illness,  then cutting a lime.. This is repeated several times.


Protection from sorcery

This is the atamagale - the eight sided spell cage. This helps the yakadura protect the patient from kodivina - spells cast by sorcerers or spirits.


The patient wears a special hat and has his hands loosely  bound while the yakadura chants.

Smashing evil

Gypsy helps patient breaks the last spells

Assisted by a gypsy, the patient smashes ritual items.


Certain spells can only be broken with the help of gypsies, who have long had their own strain of magical abilities not available to others.


The chief yakadura (sitting nearby) retells the legend of their origin, before the gypsy helps the patient to smash an animal skull and an egg in the offering basket.

Protective charms

It is after dawn. At midnight the demons are at their stongest and the gods at their weakest. At dawn the gods have become stonger than the evil spirits, reaching their full power at midday.


Here the yakadura chants to the gods while giving protective charms to the patient and his family.


The house has been protected earlier in the day. Charms were placed at the outside corners of the house, deterring any bad spirits, demons or other evil influences from entering..


The ritual is finished


Kandy rituals Pineapple cutting Atamagale - a protective cage Yakadura giving charm to Patient